Located on the Swahili coast, Dar es-Salaam is the largest city and former capital of Tanzania. It is the largest city in East Africa and the seventh-largest in Africa, with a projected population of over 5.3 million in 2019. Dar es-Salaam is an important economic center and one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
Until 1974, Dar es-Salaam served as Tanzania’s capital city, at which point the capital city began to move to Dodoma. As of 2018, it remains a focus of central government bureaucracy in Tanzania. Dar es-Salaam is Tanzania’s most prominent city in arts, fashion, media, music, and television, and is a leading financial center.
Dar es-Salaam is the leading arrival and departure point for most tourists who visit Tanzania. Julius Nyerere International Airport is the international airport of Dar es Salaam. The airport has flights to destinations in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East.
Until the late 1990s, Dar es-Salaam was not put into the same category as Africa’s leading cities like Nairobi, Johannesburg, Lagos, or Addis Ababa. However, the 2000s became the turning point when the city experienced one of Africa’s fastest urbanization rates.
Commonly translated as home of peace in Arabic. Dar es-Salaam is the capital of the Dar es-Salaam Region, which is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions and consists of five districts. Dar es Salaam’s harbor continued to be the most important in Tanzania. The port is prominent for trades with landlocked countries like Rwanda, Burundi, and Zambia.
In 1949, Dar es-Salaam became a municipality. It is the most populous city in Tanzania, with a population increase of 5.6 percent per year since 2002, and is the third-fastest-growing city in Africa after Bamako and Lagos, and is the ninth-fastest-growing in the world.
The metro population of Dar es-Salaam is expected to reach 15.12 million by 2020, and is predicted to be as high as 76 million by the year 2100, which will make it the third largest city in the world after Lagos and Kinshasa.
The Dar es Salaam Central Business District is the largest in Tanzania. The city is Tanzania’s most important city for both business and government. It has a high concentration of trade and manufacturing companies compared to other parts of Tanzania.
The Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange is the country’s first and most important stock exchange market. Located on a natural harbor on the Indian Ocean, the city is one of the hubs of the Tanzanian transportation system.
Dar es Salaam is the educational center of Tanzania. The city is home to several institutions of higher learning. Dar es Salaam also has two of the five museums in the country, The National Museum of Tanzania consortium, namely the National Museum proper and the Makumbusho Cultural Centre & Village Museum.
The National Museum is dedicated to the history of Tanzania while The Makumbusho Cultural Centre & Village Museum showcases traditional huts from 16 different Tanzanian ethnic groups. Close to the National Museum you will find some of Tanzania’s most beautiful botanical gardens. Apart from the National Stadium, Dar es Salaam is home to the Uhuru Stadium and the Karume Memorial Stadium.
In conclusion, Dar es Salaam translates to place of Peace. It is the seat of Tanzania’s government, its largest city, industrial center, and a major port in eastern Africa. With its picturesque harbor, beautiful beaches, and thriving nightlife, the city has become a popular tourist destination.
Buildings in Dar es Salaam often reflect the city’s colonial past and display a rich mix of architectural styles, incorporating Swahili, British, German, and Asian traditions. Dar es Salaam’s harbor is the outlet for most of mainland Tanzania’s agricultural and mineral exports.
It also serves nearby land-locked countries like Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Zambia. Local products in Dar es Salaam include soap, paint, cigarettes, food products, textiles, and shoes.
That brings us to the end of today’s post. Tell us what you love about Dar es Salaam in the comment section below.