Tanzania is a country located in East Africa. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
In 2019, The United Nations estimated Tanzania’s population at 59 million, which is slightly smaller than South Africa, making it the second most populous country located entirely south of the Equator. The country is home to about 120 ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, retains most government offices and is the country’s largest city, principal port, and leading commercial center.
Christianity is the largest religion in Tanzania, but there are also substantial Muslim and Animist minorities. With over 100 different languages, Tanzania is the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. The country does not have a de jure official language, although the national language is Swahili. Approximately 10 per cent of Tanzanians speak Swahili as a first language, and up to 90 per cent speak it as a second language.
As one of Africa’s most exotic locations, Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Did you know that three of Africa’s Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent’s deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish.
The four largest cities in Tanzania are Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Arusha, and Dodoma. Dar es Salaam is by far the largest city in Tanzania with a population of over 5 million people and is the capital of the Dar es Salaam Region, and the largest city in all of eastern Africa.
Mwanza is the second largest city in Tanzania with a population of about 750 thousand people. It is the capital of the Mwanza Region and was founded in 1892. Arusha is the third largest city in Tanzania with a population of over 400 thousand and is also the capital of the Arusha Region.
While Dodoma is the fourth largest city and the national capital of Tanzania, with a population of 400 thousand people. Dodoma is also the capital of the Dodoma Region. Despite being the capital of Tanzania, Dodoma only houses the National Assembly of the country.
Tanzania is a member of the East African Community, along with Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan. It is also a member of the Southern African Development Community.
The name Tanzania was created from Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the two countries that unified to create the country. It consists of the first three letters of the names of the two countries and the suffix, “ia” to form Tanzania. As of 2016, Tanzania is divided into thirty-one regions, twenty-six on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.
Tanzania is regarded as an excellent safari destination, largely due to its many world-class opportunities for game spotting. It is home to many of the best and biggest parks in Africa, and some of the most varied and unique landscapes that you’ll ever see. Nearly 30 Percent of Tanzania is occupied by National Parks
Standing at 5,895 meters above sea level, Mount Kilimanjaro is the Tallest Mountain in Africa and the highest freestanding mountain in the world. Lake Tanganyika is one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world by volume and depth, second only to Lake Baikal in Siberia. It is so large that it belongs to four different countries; Tanzania, Burundi, Zambia, and Congo.
Tanzania has sustained relatively high economic growth since independence, the economy of Tanzania is a lower-middle income economy overwhelmingly dependent on agriculture. The country’s economy has transitioned from a command economy to a market economy since 1985.
Some of Tanzania’s largest trading partners are India, Vietnam, South Africa, Switzerland, and China. Approximately 68 per cent of Tanzania’s 44.9 million citizens live below the poverty line of $1.25 a day. According to the United Nations, the most prominent challenges Tanzania faces in poverty reduction are unsustainable harvesting of its natural resources, climate change, and inadequate water supply.
According to the United Nation’s Human Development Index, Tanzania ranks 159 out of 187 countries in poverty. However, in 2019, the World Bank’s report showed that in the last 10 years, poverty has reduced by 8 per cent in Tanzania.
The Tanzanian economy is heavily based on agriculture, but climate change has significantly impacted the growth of the sector. Tanzania is one of Africa’s most visited location. Travel and tourism contributed about 25 per cent of Tanzania’s gross domestic product in 2019 and employed over 12 per cent of the country’s labor force.
Tanzania has four international airports, along with over 100 small airports or landing strips. Julius Nyerere International Airport is the largest airport in the country. It is located in Dar es Salam. The airport has flights to destinations in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. It is named after Julius Nyerere, the nation’s first president.
In conclusion, Tanzania is located in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It is home to Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain. Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east.
Three of Africa’s Great Lakes are located within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent’s deepest lake.
The most spoken language in the country is Swahili. Approximately 10 per cent of Tanzanians speak Swahili as a first language, and up to 90 per cent speak it as a second language. So if you are planning of visiting this magnificent African nation you should probably consider learning Swahili.