Addis Ababa, also known as Finfinne, is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. According to the 2019 census, the city has a population of over 3.4 million inhabitants. Addis Ababa is a chartered city and serves as the capital city of the Oromia Region. It is where the African Union is headquartered and where its predecessor, the Organization of African Unity was based.
Addis Ababa is referred to as the political capital of Africa for its historical, diplomatic, and political significance for the continent. This magnificent city hosts the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, as well as various other continental and international organizations. Addis Ababa is surrounded by the Special Zone of Oromia and is populated by people from different regions of Ethiopia.
The site now known as Addis Ababa was chosen by Empress Taytu Betul, and the city was founded in 1886, by Emperor Menelik II. Ethiopia has often been called the original home of mankind because of various humanoid fossil discoveries. After analyzing the DNA of almost 1,000 people around the world, geneticists and other scientists claimed people spread from what is now Addis Ababa 100,000 years ago.
As of the latest population census, Addis Ababa has a total population of over 3.2 million urban and rural inhabitants. In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the city’s population was reported to be 2.1 million, of whom 1,023,452 were men and 1,089,285 were women.
The major ethnic groups in Addis Ababa are the Amhara, Oromo, Gurage, and Sebat Bet. Languages spoken in the city included Amharic, Afaan Oromo, Gurage, and Tigrinya. In 1994 the predominant religion in Addis Ababa was Ethiopian Orthodox at over 82% of the population, while 12.7% were Muslim, 3.87% Protestant, and 0.78% Catholic.
The economy of Addis Ababa is one of the most diverse in the region. It is a relatively clean and safe city, with the most common crimes being pickpocketing and minor burglary. The city has recently been in a construction boom with tall buildings rising in many places.
Tourism is a growing industry within Addis Ababa and Ethiopia as a whole. The country has seen a 10% increase in tourism over the last decade, subsequently bringing an influx of tourists to Addis Ababa. In 2015, the European Council on Tourism and Trade named Ethiopia the Number One tourist spot in the world.
Some of the cities many Attractions include the National Museum of Ethiopia, Merkato Market which is Addis Ababa’s largest outdoor market, Menelik II Square, and many more.
The city of Addis Ababa is one of the two federal cities in Ethiopia that are accountable to the Federal Government. The other city with the same status is Dire Dawa, located east of the country. The administration of Addis Ababa consists of the Mayor, who leads the executive branch, and the City Council, which enacts city regulations.
Addis Ababa also has an array of fascinating Places of worship. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Christian churches, temples, and also Muslim mosques. The predominant religion in Addis Ababa is Christianity, practiced by over 85% of the population, while 13% practice Islam and other traditional religions.
Addis Ababa has a distinct architectural style. Unlike many African cities, it was not built as a colonial settlement. This means that the city has not a European style of architecture. However, this changed when the Italians invaded Ethiopia in 1936.
The city is home to the Ethiopian National Library, the Ethiopian Ethnological Museum, the Addis Ababa Museum, the Ethiopian Natural History Museum, the Ethiopian Railway Museum, and the National Postal Museum. Sport facilities in the city include the Addis Ababa and Nyala Stadiums.
The city is served by Addis Ababa’s Bole International Airport located in the Bole district. It is the main hub of the Ethiopian Airlines. The airport is also the base of the Ethiopian Aviation Academy. As of June 2018, the Airport receives nearly 450 flights per day.
In Conclusion, The site now known as Addis Ababa was chosen by Empress Taytu Betul, and the city was founded in 1886. Today, it is the capital city of Ethiopia and the African Union and is often called the “African Capital” due to its historical, diplomatic, and political significance.
It is home to Africa’s largest open market known as the Merkato district. The city was the site for a Guinness World Record for the biggest human replication of an airplane. Nicknames for Addis Ababa include Finfinne and the City of Humans. The major ethnic groups in the city are the Amhara, Oromo, Gurage, and Sebat Bet.
That brings us to the end of today’s post. Tell us the name of the current mayor of Addis Ababa in the comment section below.